Enabling environment for the media

Introduction

For independent news media organisations, journalists and journalism at large to function properly and survive economically, a number of conditions need to be met. These conditions can be grouped into three dimensions of the enabling environment for media and journalists. For many years these dimensions, in the analysis of Freedom House, consisted of the nationally-focused political, economic and legal enabling environment. But, increasingly, online communication platforms and technologies and innovations across borders as well as the online behaviour of audiences are impacting on the enabling environment for the media and the motivation and ability of states to regulate online.

This resource guide consists of three main sections. The first describes the three main pillars of the enabling environment for news media and journalists, with an emphasis on media viability and small and medium-sized media outlets. It will explore key concepts and issues of media law and regulation; main issues in the political environment that create or diminish space for media freedom and freedom of speech; and economic threats to and opportunities for media viability. A main theme throughout this section is how the enabling environment for the media has been dominated by tech giants, their influence on the platform economy and internet governance, and the struggle that existing regulatory and intellectual frameworks have to keep pace with this development.

The second section will look at the main multilateral and intergovernmental organisations as well as multi-stakeholder networks and platforms that serve as normative spaces and places for the enabling environment of the media. The third section will give an overview of advocacy strategies, toolkits and resources.

The resource guide does not attempt to include all possible considerations and developments within these sections. Instead, tries to strike a balance between general descriptions of the different phenomena and the responses of Free Press Unlimited and our partner network in our media development and advocacy work. It will make linkages to our combined track record and relevant evidence and literature that is being collected and expanded on a rolling basis in the evidence base.


Introduction to the enabling environment

Picture by ATMTX. Curves and Pillars, Russell Senate Office Building – Washington DC


Laws and regulations

Picture: Magna Carta

Analysis and comparison

Picture by Ramyar Jabar


Advocacy

Picture by Romy van den Boogaart

Evidence base: Enabling environment for the media

Found 86 Results | Page 5 of 8
Source Year Country Organisation Author
The Safety of Women Journalists: Breaking the Cycle of Silence and Violence 2019 Afghanistan, Colombia, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia International Media Support (IMS) Chocarro, S.
Declaration Global Partner Meeting (Prague 2009) 2019 Global Free Press Unlimited
State of Internet Freedom in Africa 2019. Mapping trends in government internet controls, 1999-2019 2019 Africa, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA) Various authors
Pluralism in a Hybrid Media Environment from the User Perspective 2019 Europe Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom Klimkiewicz, B.
Legal Responses to Online Harassment and Abuse of Journalists: Perspectives from Finland, France and Ireland 2019 Finland, France, Ireland OSCE - Office of the Representative on Freedom of the Media & International Press Institute McCully, J.
Conclusions of the Joint International Press Freedom Mission to Hungary 2019 Hungary Free Press Unlimited Schoot Uiterkamp, T.
More Important, But Less Robust? Five Things Everybody Needs to Know about the Future of Journalism 2018 Global Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
A New Wave of Censorship: Distributed Attacks on Expression and Press Freedom 2018 Bahrain, Philippines, Turkey, Ukraine Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) Arnaudo, D.
How a press freedom index in Indonesia creates change 2018 Indonesia Free Press Unlimited
A story about a hero of press freedom 2018 Free Press Unlimited
Dabanga censored by Sudan even in outer space 2018 Sudan Free Press Unlimited
Assessing the freedom of expression of Syrian refugee media outlets 2018 Syria University of Leicester Assaf, M.J.