Enabling environment for the media

Note: this resource guide is under development. Pages, including those already published for the FPU Office, are work in progress. For comments or feedback, please contact pavicic@freepressunlimited.org.

Introduction

For independent news media organisations, journalists and journalism at large to function properly and survive economically, a number of conditions need to be met. These conditions can be grouped into three dimensions of the enabling environment for media and journalists. For many years these dimensions, in the analysis of Freedom House, consisted of the nationally-focused political, economic and legal enabling environment. But, increasingly, online communication platforms and technologies and innovations across borders as well as the online behaviour of audiences are impacting on the enabling environment for the media and the motivation and ability of states to regulate online.

This resource guide consists of three main sections. The first describes the three main pillars of the enabling environment for news media and journalists, with an emphasis on media viability and small and medium-sized media outlets. It will explore key concepts and issues of media law and regulation; main issues in the political environment that create or diminish space for media freedom and freedom of speech; and economic threats to and opportunities for media viability. A main theme throughout this section is how the enabling environment for the media has been dominated by tech giants, their influence on the platform economy and internet governance, and the struggle that existing regulatory and intellectual frameworks have to keep pace with this development.

The second section will look at the main multilateral and intergovernmental organisations as well as multi-stakeholder networks and platforms that serve as normative spaces and places for the enabling environment of the media. The third section will give an overview of advocacy strategies, toolkits and resources.

The resource guide does not attempt to include all possible considerations and developments within these sections. Instead, tries to strike a balance between general descriptions of the different phenomena and the responses of Free Press Unlimited and our partner network in our media development and advocacy work. It will make linkages to our combined track record and relevant evidence and literature that is being collected and expanded on a rolling basis in the evidence base.


Introduction to the enabling environment

Picture by ATMTX. Curves and Pillars, Russell Senate Office Building – Washington DC


Laws and regulations

Picture: Magna Carta

Analysis and comparison

Picture by Ramyar Jabar


Advocacy

Picture by Romy van den Boogaart

Evidence base: Enabling environment for the media

Found 39 Results | Page 2 of 4
Source Year Country Author Type
Media Turn to Engagement and Creativity to Confront COVID Crisis 2020 Global Media Development Investment Fund (MDIF) report
Supporting Local Journalism in the Age of Covid-19 2020 United States of America Radcliffe, D. policy recommendations, report
Crisis and Opportunity: How Independent Media Can Learn from the Pandemic 2020 Global Open Society Foundations report
Safety of Journalists and the Fighting of Corruption in the EU 2020 Denmark, Europe, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden McGonagle, T. et al. policy recommendations, research report
Local Radio Stations in Africa Prove Resilient Amid COVID-19 2020 Uganda, Zimbabwe Myers, M. et al. case study/ies
The Fight Against Impunity 2019 Global Free Press Unlimited evaluation
The Right of Access to Information: Exploring Gender Inequities 2016 Global Institute of Development Studies (IDS) academic article
More Important, But Less Robust? Five Things Everybody Needs to Know about the Future of Journalism 2018 Global Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism report
Building Regional Strategies for Media Development in the Middle East and North Africa 2020 MENA Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) report
The Safety of Women Journalists: Breaking the Cycle of Silence and Violence 2019 Afghanistan, Colombia, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia International Media Support (IMS) report
Why Bolivia’s oldest journalist association went digital to defend press freedom 2018 Bolivia European Journalism Centre (EJC) interview
World Development Report 2017: Governance and the Law. Spotlight 12: The media 2017 Global World Bank Group