Understanding Information disorder

Information disorder is complex. Some of it could be described as low-level information pollution — clickbait headlines, sloppy captions or satire that fools — but some of it is sophisticated and deeply deceptive.

In order to understand, explain and tackle these challenges, the language we use matters. Terminology and definitions matter.

This guide shows the many examples of the different ways content can be used to frame, hoax and manipulate. Rather than seeing it all as one, breaking these techniques down can help your newsroom and give your audience a better understanding of the challenges we now face.

Year Country Organisation Author Type
2019 Global First Draft Wardle, C. report
Theory of Change Keywords Download/link
Intermediate Outcome 2 journalism, media content, misinformation Download/link