Nations in Transit: From Democratic Decline to Authoritarian Aggression

On February 24, Russian president Vladimir Putin launched a brutal invasion of Ukraine. This war, which has already displaced millions of people and menaced the lives of millions more, presents an existential challenge not just to Ukraine’s sovereignty, but also to the liberal international order. It comes at the time when liberal democracy’s star has faded across the 29 countries covered in Nations in Transit. This edition of the report by Freedom House, assessing the events of 2021 from Central Europe to Central Asia, marks the 18th consecutive year of democratic decline for the region as a whole.

This report is a summary of findings for the 2022 edition of Nations in Transit. The complete analysis, including detailed reports on all countries, can be found on our website at

Year Country Organisation Author Type
2022 Global Freedom House research report
Theory of Change Keywords Download/link
Intermediate Outcome 1 access to information, Central Europe to Central Asia, corruption, democracy, fundamental freedoms, governance, international order, press freedom, Russian invasion Download/link